COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) is a lung disease that develops over time. COPD tends to be diagnosed in people over the age of 40.
The term COPD also includes people diagnosed with chronic bronchitis and emphysema.
COPD can be caused by smoking, genetic reasons, occupational dusts and chemicals, second-hand smoke, frequent lung infections as a child, wood smoke and other biomass (animal dung, crop residues) fuel used for cooking.
When you have COPD, your lungs are obstructed or blocked, making it hard to breathe. For example, someone with COPD will find it very hard to do simple tasks like walking up stairs.
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